Identification and expression profiles of ADAR1 gene, responsible for RNA editing, in responses to dsRNA and GCRV challenge in grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella)
Fish & Shellfish Immunology，-0001，（）：
ADAR (adenosine deaminase acting on RNA) is an RNA editing enzyme that targets both coding and noncoding dsRNAs (double stranded RNAs) and converts adenosine to inosine, which is read by translation machinery and by polymerases during RNA-dependent RNA replication as if it is guanosine. This editing is a widespread post-transcriptional modification event in animals. In this study, we identified the full-length cDNA sequence of Ctenopharyngodon idella ADAR1 (designated as CiADAR1) and detected the mRNA expression patterns in response to dsRNA (polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid sodium salt, poly(I:C)) and grass carp reovirus (GCRV). CiADAR1 is a large gene in size, consisting of 4833 nucleotides encoding a protein of 1392 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequence contains seven putative domains: one proline-rich region (Pro-R), two Z-DNA-binding domains (Zalpha), three dsRNA binding motifs (DSRM) and one tRNA-specific and dsRNA adenosine deaminase domain (ADEAMc). It is most homologous to Danio rerio ADAR (E-value = 0.0, identities = 80% (1110/1395)), also close homology to Homo sapiens ADAR1 (E-value = 0.0, identities = (47%) 530/1122). CiADAR1 mRNA was investigated in fifteen tissues, and was low expressed in muscle and head kidney tissues, high in blood and spleen tissues by quantitative real-time RT-PCR (qRT-PCR). mRNA expressions of CiADAR1 were significantly up-regulated and reached peak at 24 h post GCRV challenge in vivo and in vitro (P < 0.05). After poly(I:C) stimulation at different concentrations, CiADAR1 transcripts were rapidly and significantly up-regulated and recovered in dose-dependent and time-dependent manners (P < 0.05). The results indicate CiADAR1 was implicated in the antiviral immune response and laid the foundation for further studies on functions and mechanisms of RNA editing in fishes.